Bunions are not always caused by shoes that don’t fit, but rather are an inherited foot problem. Big bumps that line the edge of the feet, bunions are treated by shoe accommodation, orthotics, bunion braces, and surgery. Surgery should be the last option to consider, since bunions vary in sizes and the degree of severity. Make sure to get treatment if you find that you have growing bunions.
Bunion surgery usually occurs after non-surgical methods have proved to be ineffective. If you have any concerns regarding gout, consult with Dr. Robert J. Kaplan from Twin Rivers Podiatry Easton. Our doctors will assist you with all of your foot and ankle needs.
What is a Bunion?
A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs by the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.
Why do Bunions Form?
- Genetics – susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary
- Stress on the feet – poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can cause bunions to form
How are Bunions Diagnosed?
Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.
How are Bunions Treated?
- Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
- Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
- Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
- Orthotics or foot inserts
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Easton, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.